In the course of the 18th century the finest examples of Curaçao architecture were built. This architecture is called ‘Curaçao Baroque’ and it is characterized by its curved lines. Some very fine examples can be found in the center of Punda, e.g. the Penha building and the Sephardic Synagogue. However, the Curaçao Baroque style was also applied to houses in Scharloo and Otrobanda and to some plantation houses in the countryside.
In the beginning of the 19th century the architecture became rather plain. A modest gable with a small ornament on top is typical of this period. All over the island houses were built in this style.
Finally, in the second half of the 19th century, the neo-classical architectural style was introduced on Curaçao. Houses that were built in this style have prominent cornices, hipped-roofs and typical classical elements such as pediments and columns. Until the first decades of the 20th century both very luxurious and rather modest buildings were created in this style. Examples of neo-classical monuments can be found in the inner city and on the former plantations as well.
From the 1930’s the Modern architecture style was introduced and became dominant in Willemstad for most of the 20th century.